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Music Therapy For Dementia: Awakening Memories

Many of us have either heard or seen the incredible effects that music can have on people with dementia.

Learn more about the Music & Memory Program, a non-profit organization bringing personalized music to seniors to “vastly improve [their] quality of life.” Thus far, the program has provided iPods to over 140 residences in North America.   (more...)
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Scientists capture the sound of sunrise on Mars

Scientists have created the soundtrack of the 5,000th Mars sunrise captured by the robotic exploration rover, Opportunity, using data sonification techniques to create a two-minute piece of music. Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2018-11-scientists-capture-sunrise-mars.html#jCp   (more...)

This new AI-composed pop song sounds like something from a Spotify playlist

Note by note, machines are learning to express themselves. But if you think the fusion of artificial intelligence and music is bound to produce soulless, robotic-sounding tunes, Taryn Southern urges you to give our weird future another listen.   (more...)
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Can AI predict hit songs before they’ve blown up? This startup thinks so

Being on the lookout for the next big hit is what keeps music publishers and producers awake at night – but thanks to artificial intelligence and neural networks, they might finally get a good night’s sleep.   (more...)
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Miles Davis is not Mozart: The brains of jazz and classical pianists work differently

Even when playing the same piece of music

A musician's brain is different to that of a non-musician. Making music requires an interplay of abilities which are also reflected in more developed brain structures. Scientists have discovered that these capabilities are embedded in a much more finely tuned way than assumed: The brain activity of jazz pianists differs from those of classical pianists, even when playing the same piece of music.   (more...)
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Forget Fingerprints: You Can Be Identified by Your 'Microbial Cloud'

Every person emits a unique blend of microbes into the air, and this "microbial cloud" is personalized enough that it could be used to identify people, a new study finds.   (more...)
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How police witnesses could be misled by a simple wave of the hand

How easy do you think it would be for someone to convince you that you’d seen something that never really happened? What about them doing this without actually saying anything misleading? That would almost be impossible, surely? Well, research into verbal and nonverbal influence suggests this can happen, and that we’re actually far more suggestible than we might like to think.   (more...)
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Positronium

Positronium (Ps) is a system consisting of an electron and its anti-particle, a positron, bound together into an exotic atom, specifically an onium. The system is unstable: the two particles annihilate each other to predominantly produce two or three gamma-rays, depending on the relative spin states. The orbit and energy levels of the two particles are similar to that of the hydrogen atom (which is a bound state of a proton and an electron). However, because of the reduced mass, the frequencies of the spectral lines are less than half of the corresponding hydrogen lines.   (more...)
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Ghost black holes could be PROOF of universe BEFORE our own

GHOST black holes discovered deep in the cosmos could be PROOF that a universe existed before our own, researchers have stated.

What existed before the Big Bang has long been a subject of scientists and the layman but a group of theoretical physicists believe they may have the answer.   (more...)
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A Spree of Signals From Across the Universe

Scientists still don’t understand “fast radio bursts,” but they’ve gotten a lot better at discovering them.

About a decade ago, astrophysicists discovered an overlooked signal in some old telescope data: a flash of cosmic energy lasting only a few milliseconds. The signal seemed to have experienced a long and bumpy ride to Earth. Its radio waves had become distorted and were spread across a range of frequencies. This suggested that the radiation had traveled for billions of years, slowing down here and there as it sped through lush galaxies and luminous clouds of gas and dust.   (more...)

Bio of Dr Steven Kaye, MD

Cofounder and CEO of BRC, Dr. Kaye holds over 35 years experience in experimental electrotherapeutic methods, which began with research under electrophysiology pioneer Robert O. Becker, MD . His lifelong clinical research experience in electrotherapeutic methods has culminated in the successful launch of the ODIN 1®. Prior to his commitment and investment in BRC, Dr. Kaye owned and spearheaded a prolific medical practice with 12 locations across California. With more than 15 years of experience in managed care as CEO and cofounder of an Independent Physician Association, Dr. Kaye brings scientific context, practical insight, passionate drive, and depth of understanding as the leader of BRC.   (more...)

GERONTOLOGY RESEARCH GROUP

Our Mission: Slow and ultimately reverse age related decline

July 31, 2018; The world's oldest verified person, Chiyo Miyako, died on July 22, 2018, at the age of 117 years, 81 days. She became the oldest verified living person in the world on April 21, 2018, following the death of fellow Japanese woman Nabi Tajima.   (more...)

A new generation of pain medications

Researchers from Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin and the Zuse Institute Berlin have developed a new generation of pain medications. The researchers used computer simulations to develop new opioids that will only work at sites affected by injury or inflammation. These drugs can prevent the occurrence of brain- and gut-related side effects typically associated with conventional opioids and have been shown to be successful in preclinical studies. Results from this research have been published in Pain* and Scientific Reports**.   (more...)
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Brain cells responsible for bravery found in the hippocampus

"It is fascinating how different regions of the same brain structure control distinct behaviors and how they interact with each other," said researcher Sanja Mikulovic.   (more...)
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Scientists identify a new kind of human brain cell

'Rosehip' neurons not found in rodents, may be involved in fine-level control between regions of the human brain

Scientists have uncovered a new type of human brain cell that has never been seen in mice and other well-studied laboratory animals.   (more...)
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THE IMPOSSIBLE BURGER: INSIDE THE STRANGE SCIENCE OF THE FAKE MEAT THAT 'BLEEDS'

THE COOK, COMPLETE with hair net, lays the red patty down on the grill and gives it a press with a spatula. And there, that unmistakable sizzle and smell. She flips the patty and gives it another press, lets it sit, presses it, and pulls it off the grill and onto a bun.   (more...)
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Nestlé says it has harnessed science to reduce the sugar in chocolate

Company claims that Milkybar Wowsomes contain 30% less sugar than regular Milkybars

Nestlé is claiming a world first by “restructuring” the sugar it uses in its confectionery to produce a white chocolate bar with 30% less sugar than its usual Milkybar brand.   (more...)
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A MAJOR VICTORY FOR THE IMPOSSIBLE BURGER, THE VEGGIE ‘MEAT’ THAT BLEEDS

THE IMPOSSIBLE BURGER seems too good to be true—an entirely plant-based “meat” that looks and smells and tastes like beef (at least, according to some folks). Hell, it even bleeds like meat. That’s thanks to a yeast modified to carry genes for the soy leghemoglobin protein, which you’d normally find in the roots of soy plants. The engineered yeast can then churn out a vegetarian version of heme, the metallic-tasting substance you also find in your blood and muscle.   (more...)
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Would You Eat a Tarantula-Topped Burger?

A tarantula — "lightly salted and oven-baked" — tops a burger at a Durham, North Carolina restaurant, testing "the most daring of taste buds."

Top this: A burger restaurant in Durham, North Carolina, is offering a peculiar addition to its selection of toppings this month — alongside the usual array of cheeses, vegetables, sauces and other condiments, one special burger is presented topped by a tarantula.   (more...)
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Disgusting Things Fall Into Six Gross Categories

Open sores, body odors and other indicators of possible disease transmission top the list of things that gross us out

hy is it that a boil bulging with pus fills most of us with revulsion, while a similar-looking cream puff makes us lick our lips? The reason is the interesting emotion known as disgust.   (more...)
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Oldest Cheese Ever Found in Egyptian Tomb Read

Italian researchers also found traces of disease-causing bacteria in what they believe is probably extremely aged cheese.

Last month, archaeologists cracked open a tomb excavated in Alexandria, Egypt, revealing three skeletons bathing in an crimson pool of sludgy sewage. In response, tens of thousands around the world immediately petitioned for the right to sip from the freshly uncorked casket of amontillado. (Spoiler: It hasn’t worked out.) But fear not, coffin connoisseurs: There’s a new artisanal artifact in town—the world’s oldest solid cheese, over 3,000 years in the making.   (more...)
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Wikipedia: Laetoli Footprints

Laetoli is a site in Tanzania, dated to the Plio-Pleistocene and famous for its hominin footprints, preserved in volcanic ash. The site of the Laetoli footprints (Site G) is located 45 km south of Olduvai gorge. The location and tracks were discovered by archaeologist Mary Leakey in 1976, and were excavated by 1978. Based on analysis of the footfall impressions "The Laetoli Footprints" provided convincing evidence for the theory of bipedalism in Pliocene hominins and received significant recognition by scientists and the public. Since 1998, paleontological expeditions have continued under the leadership of Dr. Amandus Kwekason of the National Museum of Tanzania and Dr. Terry Harrison of New York University, leading to the recovery of more than a dozen new hominin finds,[1] as well as a comprehensive reconstruction of the paleoecology.   (more...)
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Wikipedia: Lucy (Australopithecus)

Lucy is the common name of AL 288-1, several hundred pieces of bone fossils representing 40 percent of the skeleton of a female of the hominin species Australopithecus afarensis. In Ethiopia, the assembly is also known as Dinkinesh, which means "you are marvelous" in the Amharic language. Lucy was discovered in 1974 in Africa, near the village Hadar in the Awash Valley of the Afar Triangle in Ethiopia, by paleoanthropologist Donald Johanson of the Cleveland Museum of Natural History.   (more...)
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Wikipedia: Piltdown Man

The Piltdown Man was a paleoanthropological hoax in which bone fragments were presented as the fossilised remains of a previously unknown early human.   (more...)
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NASA's Parker Solar Probe Is Headed to the Sun. So, What's Next?

After decades of scientific brainstorming and years of construction, NASA's Parker Solar Probe is safely on its way to flying seven times closer to the sun than any mission has before.   (more...)
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No, Octopuses Don't Come From Outer Space

Scientists are dubious of a new paper that suggests frozen octopi eggs rode a meteor to Earth 540 million years ago.

Like Fox Mulder, I want to believe. I want to believe the conclusions of a new paper that says octopuses are actually space aliens whose frozen eggs first came to Earth aboard an icy meteor.    (more...)
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Annihilation on IMDB

A biologist signs up for a dangerous, secret expedition into a mysterious zone where the laws of nature don't apply.   (more...)

Youtube: Climate Elvis - Climate Rock

“You take a bunch of weather and you average it together and you’re doing the Climate Rock!” Climate Elvis meets a curious 11-year old and answers her question about climate with a song.   (more...)
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Can Engineering Change Our Climate for the Better? Part 1

Climate engineering is the process of designing large-scale systems that have the potential to control climate and reduce the impact of climate change. This is a highly controversial topic because of the complexity of the systems involved and the possible negative effects upon the environment and human populations.   (more...)
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China's emissions reversal cause for 'cautious optimism' says study

The decline in China's carbon emissions is likely to be sustained if changes to the country's industrial structure and energy efficiency continue, according to new research.   (more...)
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Rising sea levels could cost the world $14 trillion a year by 2100

Failure to meet the United Nations' 2ºC warming limits will lead to sea level rise and dire global economic consequences, new research has warned. A study found flooding from rising sea levels could cost $14 trillion worldwide annually by 2100, if the target of holding global temperatures below 2ºC above pre-industrial levels is missed.   (more...)
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Global warming may be twice what climate models predict

Past warming events suggest climate models fail to capture true warming under business-as-usual scenarios

Future global warming may eventually be twice as warm as projected by climate models under business-as-usual scenarios and even if the world meets the 2°C target sea levels may rise six meters or more, according to an international team of researchers from 17 countries.   (more...)
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Environmental Advocates Will Keep Pressure on Pruitt's Successor at EPA

Acting administrator and coal lobbyist Andrew Wheeler, or another nominee for the chief spot, will face tough review

The Supreme Court battle isn't the only fiercely partisan confirmation fight looming ahead for the Senate.   (more...)
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Q&A with Oceans Melting Greenland (OMG) scientist Josh Willis

The new NASA airborne mission Oceans Melting Greenland (OMG) will pave the way for improved estimates of sea level rise by addressing the question: To what extent is the ocean melting Greenland’s ice from below? The mission will observe changing water temperatures and glaciers that reach the ocean around Greenland from 2015 to 2020.    (more...)
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Astronauts bust the myth of space ice cream

The widely held belief that this chalky, freeze-dried dessert made it to space isn't true after all, according to the National Air and Space Museum and actual NASA astronauts.

At one point or another in our childhoods -- or in my case last week -- we've treated ourselves to the space snack known as astronaut ice cream.   (more...)
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The Complete Guide to the John Muir Trail

The John Muir Trail is the premier hiking trail in the United States.The trail starts in America's treasure, Yosemite National Park, and continues 215 miles through the Ansel Adams Wilderness, Sequoia National Park, King's Canyon National Park, and ends at the highest peak in continental United States, Mount Whitney at 14,496 ft.   (more...)
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NASA Begins Building Next Mars Rover for 2020 Launch

NASA technicians have officially begun the assembly, test and launch operations (ATLO) phase of development on the agency's next Mars rover, keeping the project on track for an expected 2020 launch.   (more...)
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NASA Completes Webb Telescope Review, Commits to Launch in Early 2021

The Independent Review Board (IRB) established by NASA to assess progress on its James Webb Space Telescope has unanimously recommended that development on the world’s premier science observatory should continue; NASA has established a new launch date for Webb of March 30, 2021.   (more...)
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See How Huge the Monster Dust Storm on Mars Is in This Stunning Image

If you have a hard time visualizing a planet-wide dust storm on Mars, take a look at this.

Astrophotographer Damian Peach created an animation showing the dramatic effects of the global dust storm that has plunged the Martian surface deep into darkness.    (more...)
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Building Blocks of Life Found on Mars

Two landmark discoveries reveal organic carbon on the red planet, shaping the future hunt for life on Mars.

DAY TO DAY, it’s easy to lose sight of an astonishing fact: Since 2012, humankind has been driving a nuclear-powered sciencemobile the size of an SUV on another planet.   (more...)

More Than Just Male and Female: The Six Genders in Classical Judaism

It's very easy to assume that Judaism is an exclusively gender-binary religion. Almost all of the common traditional laws are based on the assumed differences between males and females. We see it in assumed gender roles, in liturgy, in proscribed family responsibilities, and in both our secular and religious laws.    (more...)
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We may know why younger brothers are more likely to be gay

Having lots of boys can affect a woman’s immune response

The more older brothers a boy has, the more likely he is to be gay when he grows up – an effect called the “fraternal birth order effect”. Now it seems that increasing levels of antibodies in a mother’s immune system could play a role.   (more...)
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The first penis-scrotum transplant is the latest to go beyond lifesaving

Advances that give patients new faces, hands and more aim to improve quality of life

In a transplant first, a U.S. veteran severely injured by an explosive device in Afghanistan has received a penis and scrotum from a deceased donor.   (more...)
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Here's How a Transgender Woman Breast-Fed for 6 Weeks

A transgender woman was able to produce enough milk to breast-feed her partner's newborn baby for six weeks, according to a new report of the case.   (more...)
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How Science Is Helping Us Understand Gender

Freed from the binary of boy and girl, gender identity is a shifting landscape. Can science help us navigate?

When Massachusetts twins Caleb (left) and Emmie (right) Smith were born in 1998, it was hard to tell them apart. Today Emmie says, “When we were 12, I didn’t feel like a boy, but I didn’t know it was possible to be a girl.” At 17 Emmie came out as transgender, and recently she underwent gender-confirmation surgery. She plays down its significance: “I was no less of a woman before it, and I’m no more of one today.”   (more...)
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In an interplanetary first, NASA to fly a helicopter on Mars

NASA said on Friday it will send a small helicopter to Mars as part of the U.S. space agency’s 2020 mission to place a next-generation rover on the Martian surface, marking the first time such an aircraft will be used on another world.   (more...)
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US wants first drones that can kill people truly independently

THE US Army wants to develop small drones to automatically spot, identify and target vehicles and people. It may allow faster responses to threats, but it could also be a step towards autonomous drones that attack targets without human oversight.   (more...)
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Who’s winning the race to build self-driving cars?

In the race to start the world's first driving business without human drivers, everyone is chasing Alphabet Inc.'s Waymo. The   (more...)
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Dubai soars into future as it unveils self-driving FLYING taxis to be launched THIS YEAR

FLYING taxis that will be able to drive themselves are set to be launched in Dubai later this year, the transport authority for the UAE city has confirmed.

Hover taxis will be launched in the oil rich city in July, with the machines able to fly at an altitude of 300 metres and up to 100 kilometres per hour.   (more...)
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Scientists create a new form of matter—superionic water ice

Scientists created a new form of water—called superionic ice—that acts like a weird cross between a solid and a liquid, The New York Times reports. The substance, which consists of a fluid of hydrogen ions running through a lattice of oxygen, was formed by compressing water between two diamonds and then zapping it with a laser. That caused pressures to spike to more than a million times those of Earth’s atmosphere and temperatures to rise to thousands of degrees, conditions scientists had predicted may lead to the formation of superionic ice. This kind of water doesn’t exist naturally on Earth, the scientists report in Nature Physics, but it may be present in the mantles of icy planets like Neptune and Uranus.   (more...)
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We Were Totally Wrong About That Scott Kelly Space Genes Story

On Monday (March 12), we published a story about astronaut Scott Kelly returning after a year in space with big changes to his genetic code, so much so that he was no longer his brother's identical twin.   (more...)
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Scott Kelly's Year in Space Changed His Gene Expression

Scott and Mark Kelly are identical twin brothers — at least, they were until Scott spent a year living in space.   (more...)
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Study Reveals Uranus Smells Of Farts

Uranus, the first planet discovered in modern times, has the poetic name of the Greek god of the heavens. In the English language, it is, unfortunately, the literal butt of every astronomy joke and I’m afraid that this latest discovery will make things worse. Astronomers have discovered that the upper atmosphere of Uranus is dominated by hydrogen sulfide, a molecule that smells like rotten eggs and is often found in human flatulence. I’ll give you a moment to crack a few jokes.   (more...)
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CRISPR fixes disease gene in viable human embryos

Gene-editing experiment pushes scientific and ethical boundaries.

An international team of researchers has used CRISPR–Cas9 gene editing — a technique that allows scientists to make precise changes to genomes with relative ease — to correct a disease-causing mutation in dozens of viable human embryos. The study represents a significant improvement in efficiency and accuracy over previous efforts.   (more...)
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CRISPR ISN’T ENOUGH ANY MORE. GET READY FOR GENE EDITING 2.0

IN FEWER THAN five years, the gene-editing technology known as Crispr has revolutionized the face and pace of modern biology. Since its ability to find, remove, and replace genetic material was first reported in 2012, scientists have published more than 5,000 papers mentioning Crispr. Biomedical researchers are embracing it to create better models of disease. And countless companies have spun up to commercialize new drugs, therapies, foods, chemicals, and materials based on the technology.   (more...)
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Explainer: How PCR works

What a photocopier does for images and text on paper, PCR does for snippets of DNA

Copy machines are handy in schools and offices because they can quickly duplicate pages from all types of sources. Similarly, biologists often need to make many, many copies of genetic material. They use a technology called PCR. It’s short for polymerase (Puh-LIM-er-ase) chain reaction. Within just a few hours, this process can make a billion or more copies.   (more...)
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CRISPR fixes disease gene in viable human embryos

Gene-editing experiment pushes scientific and ethical boundaries.

An international team of researchers has used CRISPR–Cas9 gene editing — a technique that allows scientists to make precise changes to genomes with relative ease — to correct a disease-causing mutation in dozens of viable human embryos. The study represents a significant improvement in efficiency and accuracy over previous efforts.   (more...)
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Ten Fun Facts About Falcons, the Birds

As the Atlanta Falcons prepare to play in the Super Bowl, learn about the remarkable raptors behind the nam

They’re the consummate hunters of the avian world—able to spot, chase and kill prey quietly and efficiently. They’ve given their name to one of the most famous Marvel superheroes, and humans have relied on them for millennia as effective hunting partners. Now, Smithsonian.com is sharing a few facts about theperegrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) in honor of the species’ coming appearance in the Super Bowl.   (more...)
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Success! SpaceX Launches Falcon Heavy Rocket on Historic Maiden Voyage

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. — The first Falcon Heavy rocket built by the private spaceflight company SpaceX soared on its maiden voyage today (Feb. 6) — a historic test flight that also sent a car toward Mars and included two confirmed booster landings.   (more...)
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SpaceX oddity: how Elon Musk sent a car towards Mars

A Starman sitting in a tin can is currently navigating the heavens, soundtracked by David Bowie. How did it – and we – get there?

It takes a beat or two for the brain to compute. The image is startling, incongruous, barmy. A car floats in space. At the wheel is a spacesuit, seatbelt on. Earth hangs behind it. The two objects don’t work together. The image jars like bad Photoshop. But it is real.   (more...)
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WATCH BOSTON DYNAMICS’ SPOTMINI ROBOT OPEN A DOOR

WATCH BOSTON DYNAMICS’ SPOTMINI ROBOT OPEN A DOOR   (more...)
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New ‘mutant’ crayfish species is entirely female and don’t need no man

Something incredibly bizarre is going on right now in the world of crayfish, and it all started back in 1995. A single female slough crayfish spontaneously spawned an entirely new species thanks to her ability to essentially clone herself and create offspring without the need for genetic material from a mate. Now, the new species, called the marbled crayfish, is devastating areas where it has been introduced, and scientists aren’t sure how to stop it.   (more...)
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14 cattle eyeworms removed from Oregon woman’s eye

First known case of Thelazia gulosa infection in a human

A 26-year-old woman felt something in her left eye. For days, she couldn’t shake the sensation. But this was no errant eyelash or dive-bombing gnat.    (more...)
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Google’s AlphaGo AI beats the world’s best human Go player

Google’s AlphaGo AI Go player has defeated Ke Jie, Go world champion, in the opening match of a three game series that will include matches with Jie on Thursday and Saturday. The win was by a narrow margin, but AlphaGo has been programmed to ensure victory, not to run up the score or devastate its opponent, so the margin by which it wins isn’t necessarily a good indicator of how easy or hard it was for the computer player to win.   (more...)
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DeepMind AI is learning to understand the ‘thoughts’ of others

The firm’s new artificial intelligence has developed a theory of mind, passing an important psychological assessment that most children only develop around age 4

MACHINES are getting to know each other better. An artificial intelligence, developed by Google-owned research firm DeepMind, can now pass an important psychological assessment that most children only develop the skills to pass at around age 4. Its aptitude in this key theory of mind test may lead to AIs that are more human-like.   (more...)
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AI cheats at old Atari games by finding unknown bugs in the code

If you can’t win, kill yourself or cheat. That’s the strategy invented by an artificial intelligence trained to play old Atari video games.   (more...)
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Mind-reading AI uses brain scans to guess what you’re looking at

Can you guess what I’m looking at? Artificial intelligence can. A new system developed in Japan can describe a picture someone is viewing, using brain scans alone.   (more...)